The elaboration of the revised National Sustainable Development Strategy 2013-2020-2030 (NSDS) was an obligation that Romania undertook as an EU member state in conformity with agreed Community objectives and the methodological guidelines of the European Commission.
The document was the result of a joint project of the Romanian Government, through the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, and the United Nations Development Programme, through the National Centre for Sustainable Development in Bucharest.
The Strategy was approved by the Government of Romania (Decision no. 1460 of 12 November 2008) and submitted to the European Commission at the end of 2008.
This National Sustainable Development Strategy aims to connect Romania to a new philosophy of development, which has been adopted by the European Union and is widely shared globally – that of sustainable development.
This Strategy sets specific objectives for moving, within a reasonable and realistic timeframe, toward a new model of development that is capable of generating high value added, is motivated by interest in knowledge and innovation, and aims to attain specific strategic objectives for the short, medium and long run for the continued improvement of the quality of life and human relationships in harmony with the natural environment.
The implementation of these strategic objectives will ensure high rates of economic growth in the medium and long run and, as a result, a significant reduction of social and economic disparities between Romania and the other member states of the European Union. Considering the main indicator that measures convergence in real terms, Gross Domestic Product per person (GDPcp) adjusted for standard purchasing power parity (PPP), the implementation of the Strategy enables Romania to exceed in 2013 half of the current EU average, to approach 80% of the EU average in 2020 and to rise slightly above the EU average in 2030.
The commitments that Romania undertook as a member state of the European Union are thus going to be fulfilled in conformity with the Treaty of Accession, along with the effective implementation of the principles and objectives of the Lisbon Strategy and the renewed (2006) Sustainable Development Strategy of the European Union.
The objectives set in this Strategy emerged from national and regional debates; they focus on the maintenance, consolidation, enhancement and continued adaptation of the structural configuration and functional capacity of natural capital as a foundation for the preservation and augmentation of its support capacity and its ability to operate under the pressure of social development, economic growth and the foreseeable impacts of climate change.
The Strategy proposes an outlook of Romania’s sustainable development in the next two decades by setting targets that go beyond electoral cycles or opportunistic political preferences.
Parallel to the implementation of the Strategy, the newly established executive and consultative structures will start, in 2009, a process of comprehensive re-evaluation of the national, sectoral and regional plans, strategies and operational programmes in order to make sure that they are in conformity with the principles and practice of sustainable development and with the evolving set of relevant EU regulations. Those structures will also be responsible for the preparation of Romania’s views on, and contributions to, further reviews of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy.
(NSDS 2013-2020-2030, Executive summary, p.13-14)
Part I presents the conceptual framework, defines the notions used and describes the main points of the renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy of 2006 (EU SDS), the state of play regarding the preparation of agreed sustainable development indicators, and the relevant steps Romania has taken during the pre- and post-accession periods.
Part II provides an evaluation of the current condition of Romania’s natural, manmade, human and social capital. This approach was in line with the latest (May 2008) recommendations of the Joint Working Group for Sustainable Development Indicators formed by the EU Statistical Office (Eurostat), the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Part III offers a prospective view and establishes precise objectives for the three time horizons, following the logic of the key challenges and cross-cutting policies as they are described in the renewed Sustainable Development Strategy of the European Union.
Part IV tackles the specific problems facing Romania and sets targets in order to accelerate the transformations toward a sustainable development model, while narrowing and closing the existing gaps in relation to the average performance of the other EU member states.
Part V contains specific recommendations concerning the establishment and functioning of the institutional framework designed to ensure the implementation and monitoring of, and the reporting on, the results of the revised National Sustainable Development Strategy. The proposals take into consideration the experience and established practice of other EU member states and envisage some innovative solutions, suited to Romania’s specific circumstances, which are aimed at promoting the accountability of public authorities and the active involvement of societal actors in an effort to meet the goals of sustainable development.
(NSDS 2013-2020-2030, Executive summary, p.13-14)
Cover NSDS (2008):
Horizon 2013: To incorporate the principles and practices of sustainable development in all the programmes and public policies of Romania as an EU member state.
Horizon 2020: To reach the current average level of the EU countries for the main indicators of sustainable development.
Horizon 2030: To get significantly close to the average performance of the EU member states in that year in terms of sustainable development indicators.
(NSDS 2013-2020-2030, Executive summary, p.13)